Indonesia 15 years after the New Order
by Jeff Kingston
Special To The Japan Times
from: The Japan Times>
june 16, 2013
In May 1998 President Suharto resigned, ending three decades in power in Indonesia and what was known as the New Order. As an army general, he had intervened against a coup attempt in 1965 that ended with the sidelining of President Sukarno and months of massacres all over the archipelago as Suharto consolidated his grip.
This large nation of islands is both ethnically and religiously diverse, with many minority groups who find their rights abused and subordinated to the political and economic interests of the state and dominant culture. A variety of conflicts of varying intensities have been ongoing for decades throughout the country, notably in Aceh and Papua.
from/visit: The sentinel project>
Area: 1.9 million sq km
Population: 232 million (UN, 2010)
Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) is an international development charity that works through volunteers who work with local organisations in developing countries sharing skills and expertise. The Indonesian VSO programme is based mainly in Java and East Tenggaru, where volunteers work in the areas of secure livelihoods, maternal and child health and disability.
Obor Berkat Indonesia (OBI) is a non-profit humanitarian organization focusing on healthcare service(social work, medical clinic, mass operations involving cleft lip, hernia and cataract and improving nutrition of children) and on education( school adoption, pre-kindergarten, community learning centers and providing school packages).
Yappika ( Yayasan Penguatan Partisipasi, Inisiatif dan Kemitraan Masyarakat Indonesia) is an alliance for fostering civil society. It used to be Yapika (one P), Yayasan Persahabatan Indonesia-Kanada (Canada-Indonesia Friendship Foundation), and known as channelling agent for CIDA fund.
The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialised agency for health (established in 1948) aims to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services. Health is being defined in WHO’s Constitution as state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely absence of disease or infirmity.
The Yayasan Gaia is a Indonesian NGO that works on poverty and disaster relief together with a range of international partner organisations. Projects include a house building programme, sanitation and provision of clean water, mobile clinics and livelihood recovery. The organisation also operates a revolving loan fund.
World Food Programme, Since 1998, WFP has supported more than 20 million food-insecure Indonesians, primarily in the aftermath of natural disasters and economic shocks.